Al Muwatta of Imam Malik | Book Description: The famous compendium of fiqh and hadith of Malik ibn Anas, the founder of the Maliki school of law. Virtually every hadith in it was accepted by al-Bukhari. Ash-Shafi‘i said of it, "After the Book of Allah, there is no book on earth sounder than that of Malik." As well as giving legal judgements, it shows how Malik reached his rulings and the the nature of the ‘amal, or the practice of the people of Madina, in that context.
The first formulation of Islamic Law based on the behaviour of the people of Madinah during the time of the great Companions, Al-Muwatta is the blueprint for a just and radiant society: the earliest, clearest, cleanest record of early Islam. It is divided into 61 books on different subjects, each book containing many ahadith. The numbering system used by Malik is consecutive per book
Malik's Muwatta ("the well-trodden path") is a collection of two items:
1. the sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (also known as the sunnah). The reports of the Prophet's sayings and deeds are called ahadith.
2. the legal opinions and decisions of the Prophet's Companions, their successors, and some later authorities.
Imam Malik (full name Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abu Amir Al-Asbahi) was born in 93 A.H. and died in 179 A.H. He lived most of his life in Madinah, the city in which the Prophet (pbuh) settled in. He was a preeminent scholar of Islam, and is the originator of the Maliki judicial school of thought. He is reputed to have had over one thousand students. During Malik's lifetime, he steadily revised his Muwatta, so it reflects over forty years of his learning and knowledge. It contains a few thousand hadith.